Mexican Water institutions

In Mexico, institutional power is most heavily vested in the President and the federal agencies. According to Article 27 of the Constitution, the President is granted the power to regulate the extraction and use of the nation’s waters, to establish areas where water cannot be extracted and, through his designated agents, establish rules for issuance […]

United States energy deregulation

Non-utility generation capacity in the US markets has increased substantially. Numerous electricity trading hubs and wholesale electricity markets that have developed across the country have grown from about 6% of total generation capacity in 1991 to almost 20% in 1999. Non-utility generators produce power mostly for wholesale markets and are in direct competition with traditional […]

Market continuum within the United States natural gas industry

From total regulation in 1970 the market has evolved into partial deregulation, with varying degrees of market opening at the different stages of the industrial process. This has happened in 3 stages; wellhead deregulation, pipeline reform and finally unbundling gas services. At the retail level, reforms and restructuring have occurred on a piecemeal basis. For […]

Proved, proved undeveloped reserves

Reserves may be classified as proved if facilities to process and transport those reserves to market are operational at the time of the estimate or there is a reasonable expectation that such facilities will be installed. Reserves in undeveloped locations may be classified as proved undeveloped provided (1) the locations are direct offsets to wells […]

Unproved Probable Reserves

Probable reserves are those unproved reserves which analysis of geological and engineering data suggests are more likely than not to be recoverable. In this context, when probabilistic methods are used, there should be at least a 50% probability that the quantities actually recovered will equal or exceed the sum of estimated proved plus probable reserves. […]

The Spanish Wind Power Manufacturing industry

The growth of activity in the wind energy field has provided a powerful impetus to the development of the Spanish wind industry, covering not only the manufacture of complete wind turbines but also the manufacture of components for the wind industry: blades, generators, gearboxes, towers and wind sensors. The service sector (installation, maintenance, and engineering) […]

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