Author Archives: Melany Krangle

The evolution of Renewables Portfolio Standard Policy in the United States

A major difference between the US and Europe is that US renewable energy policy has been driven by the states, and not the national government. Although states have developed a broad range of renewable energy incentives, such as tax incentives, rebates, loan programmes, public benefits funds, RPS systems have emerged as the primary state-level renewable […]

The feed-in tariff in Europe

In contrast to the US, most European countries have adopted feed-in tariffs. While RPS policies typically seek to create electricity price competition, feed-in tariffs require utilities to purchase power from renewable energy generators at a fixed price. These fixed prices are structured either in the form of long-term payments based on generation cost (as in […]

Rising Demand for Desalination

There is a growing need for desalinated water from the general public, which has a greater understanding of water issues and often demands high quality potable water. Several industries require ultra pure water produced from desalination, and these industries are growing e.g. pharmaceutical and semi-conductors, and equipment can now measure contaminants at very low concentrations. […]

Power Supply Shortages

Power supply shortages are nothing new, and regular occur following extreme weather incidents affecting infrastructure, unexpected increases in power demand such as demand for air conditioning on a very hot summers day and failure of generators, transformers etc. As a result of a lack of power supply following the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, […]

Water Deregulation in Select European Countries

In Austria, the assets are owned by the municipalities and regional governments, and operations are either conducted directly or by management companies. In Belgium, 6 large provincial inter-municipally owned water companies’ supply 90% of the water; municipalities and communes own small companies. Water management is mostly public, but waste is sub-contracted. The arrangements differ in […]

Bioenergy Benefits

The incomplete combustion of fuel wood produces organic particulate matter, carbon monoxide and other organic gases. If high temperature combustion is used, oxides of nitrogen will be produced. At a smaller domestic scale, the health impact of air pollution inside buildings is a significant problem in developing countries, where fuel wood is burnt inefficiently in […]

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